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  2. Endothelin-3, human, mouse, rabbit, rat

Endothelin-3, human, mouse, rabbit, rat (Synonyms: Endothelin 3 (Rat,Human))

Cat. No.: HY-P0204
Handling Instructions

Endothelin-3, human, mouse, rabbit, rat is a 21-amino acid vasoactive peptide that binds to G-protein-linked transmembrane receptors, ET-RA and ET-RB.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Custom Peptide Synthesis

Endothelin-3, human, mouse, rabbit, rat Chemical Structure

Endothelin-3, human, mouse, rabbit, rat Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 117399-93-6

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500 μg USD 180 Get quote
1 mg USD 280 Get quote
5 mg USD 980 Get quote

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Other Forms of Endothelin-3, human, mouse, rabbit, rat:

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  • Biological Activity

  • Technical Information

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

Description

Endothelin-3, human, mouse, rabbit, rat is a 21-amino acid vasoactive peptide that binds to G-protein-linked transmembrane receptors, ET-RA and ET-RB.

IC50 & Target

ET-RA, ET-RB[1]

In Vitro

The endothelins (ETs) are a family of 21-amino-acid vasoconstrictor peptides comprising three distinct isoforms: ET-1, ET2 and Endothelin-3. Endothelin-3 is detected in plasma, heart, brain and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). The surface enzymes of VSMCs break down big Endothelin-3 to the corresponding mature peptide, Endothelin-3. Endothelin-3 down-regulate endothelin ETA receptor expression in coronary artery VSMCs without affecting receptor density or functional ETA receptor responses. By contrast, high concentrations of Endothelin-3 (100 nM) increase the expression of ETB receptors but abolish the vasoconstrictor response of the receptors, possibly due to the desensitizing effect of Endothelin-3[1]. Endothelin-3 stimulates ENCC adhesion to various ECM components. Endothelin-3 induces rapid changes in ENCC shape and protrusion dynamics favouring sustained growth and stabilization of lamellipodia, a process coincident with the increase in the number of focal adhesions and activated β1-integrins[2].

In Vivo

Endothelin-3 at low concentrations may attenuate inflammatory responses via ETB2 activation and NO production. Endothelin-3, which acts mainly on ETB, at low concentrations specifically inhibited platelet-activating factor (PAF)-induced paw oedema, whereas neither ET-1 nor Endothelin-2, both of which act on ETA and ETB, showed inhibitory activity. The inhibition by ET-1 and Endothelin-3 (each 0.5 pmol/paw) in the presence of BQ-123 (66.4 ± 6.7 % and 65.4 ± 22.6 %, respectively), is comparable to that by Endothelin-3 (0.5 pmol/paw) alone (65.4 ± 10.9 %), whereas neither ET-1 nor Endothelin-3 in the presence of BQ-788 showed inhibitory activity[3].

Storage

Please store the product under the recommended conditions in the Certificate of Analysis.

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

H2O

Peptide Solubility and Storage Guidelines:

1.  Calculate the length of the peptide.

2.  Calculate the overall charge of the entire peptide according to the following table:

  Contents Assign value
Acidic amino acid Asp (D), Glu (E), and the C-terminal -COOH. -1
Basic amino acid Arg (R), Lys (K), His (H), and the N-terminal -NH2 +1
Neutral amino acid Gly (G), Ala (A), Leu (L), Ile (I), Val (V), Cys (C), Met (M), Thr (T), Ser (S), Phe (F), Tyr (Y), Trp (W), Pro (P), Asn (N), Gln (Q) 0

3.  Recommended solution:

Overall charge of peptide Details
Negative (<0) 1.  Try to dissolve the peptide in water first.
2.  If water fails, add NH4OH (<50 μL).
3.  If the peptide still does not dissolve, add DMSO (50-100 μL) to solubilize the peptide.
Positive (>0) 1.  Try to dissolve the peptide in water first.
2.  If water fails, try dissolving the peptide in a 10%-30% acetic acid solution.
3.  If the peptide still does not dissolve, try dissolving the peptide in a small amount of DMSO.
Zero (=0) 1.  Try to dissolve the peptide in organic solvent (acetonitrile, methanol, etc.) first.
2.  For very hydrophobic peptides, try dissolving the peptide in a small amount of DMSO, and then dilute the solution with water to the desired concentration.
References
Molecular Weight

2643.04

Formula

C₁₂₁H₁₆₈N₂₆O₃₃S₄

CAS No.

117399-93-6

Sequence

Cys-Thr-Cys-Phe-Thr-Tyr-Lys-Asp-Lys-Glu-Cys-Val-Tyr-Tyr-Cys-His-Leu-Asp-Ile-Ile-Trp(Disulfide bridge: Cys1-Cys15, Cys3-Cys11)

Sequence Shortening

CTCFTYKDKECVYYCHLDIIW(Disulfide bridge: Cys1-Cys15, Cys3-Cys11)

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

  • Molarity Calculator

  • Dilution Calculator

The molarity calculator equation

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

Mass   Concentration   Volume   Molecular Weight *
= × ×

The dilution calculator equation

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)
× = ×
C1   V1   C2   V2

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Product Name:
Endothelin-3, human, mouse, rabbit, rat
Cat. No.:
HY-P0204
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Endothelin-3, human, mouse, rabbit, rat

Cat. No.: HY-P0204