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  4. NNZ 2591

NNZ 2591 is a synthetic analogue of a small peptide of cyclic glycine proline (cGP). NNZ 2591 shows orally active and cross the blood-brain barrier. NNZ 2591 shows neuroprotective after ischemic brain injury. NNZ 2591 improves motor function in a rat model of Parkinson's disease. NNZ 2591 has the potential for the research of ischemic brain injury and angelman syndrome.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

NNZ 2591 Chemical Structure

NNZ 2591 Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 847952-38-9

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1 mg USD 176 In-stock
5 mg USD 405 In-stock
10 mg USD 648 In-stock
25 mg USD 1296 In-stock
50 mg USD 2075 In-stock
100 mg USD 3320 In-stock
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Based on 1 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

NNZ 2591 is a synthetic analogue of a small peptide of cyclic glycine proline (cGP). NNZ 2591 shows orally active and cross the blood-brain barrier. NNZ 2591 shows neuroprotective after ischemic brain injury. NNZ 2591 improves motor function in a rat model of Parkinson's disease. NNZ 2591 has the potential for the research of ischemic brain injury and angelman syndrome[1][2][3].

In Vivo

NNZ 2591 (30 mg/kg; p.o.) prevented scopolamine-induced memory impairment in rats[1].
NNZ 2591 (2, 20, 100 ng/rat; i.c.v.) shows neuroprotection in rats[2].
NNZ 2591 (3 mg/kg; s.c.; daily for 5 days) completely preventes brain damage and significantly reduces the L/R ratio of time taken to touch to the patch at 5 d after injury in rats[2].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Model: 4 months, male young adult Wistar rats[1].
Dosage: 30 mg/kg
Administration: P.o.; 10 min after the (scopolamine) i.p. administration.
Result: Significantly reduced the number of M2AchR positive neurons, significantly reduced the density of synaptophysin in the CA3 and CA4 sub-regions, and altered TH terminal staining in the striatum.
Animal Model: 280-310 g adult male Wistar rats[2].
Dosage: 2, 20, 100 ng/rat
Administration: I.c.v.; 2 h after HI injury
Result: Reduced overall tissue damage in the sub-regions of the hippocampus, DG, cerebral cortex and the striatum.
Animal Model: 280-310 g adult male Wistar rats[2].
Dosage: 3 mg/kg
Administration: S.c.; daily for 5 days
Result: Significantly reduced the median of tissue damage scores in the CA1-2, CA3 and CA4 sub-regions of the hippocampus, the DG.
Molecular Weight

194.23

Formula

C10H14N2O2

CAS No.
Appearance

Solid

Color

White to off-white

SMILES

C=CC[C@@]12N(CCC2)C(CNC1=O)=O

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
-20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 18.75 mg/mL (96.54 mM; Need ultrasonic; Hygroscopic DMSO has a significant impact on the solubility of product, please use newly opened DMSO)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 5.1485 mL 25.7427 mL 51.4854 mL
5 mM 1.0297 mL 5.1485 mL 10.2971 mL
View the Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month. When stored at -80°C, please use it within 6 months. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 month.

  • Molarity Calculator

  • Dilution Calculator

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

Mass
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Volume
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Molecular Weight *

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

Concentration (start)

C1

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Volume (start)

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=
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C2

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Volume (final)

V2

In Vivo:

Select the appropriate dissolution method based on your experimental animal and administration route.

For the following dissolution methods, please ensure to first prepare a clear stock solution using an In Vitro approach and then sequentially add co-solvents:
To ensure reliable experimental results, the clarified stock solution can be appropriately stored based on storage conditions. As for the working solution for in vivo experiments, it is recommended to prepare freshly and use it on the same day.
The percentages shown for the solvents indicate their volumetric ratio in the final prepared solution. If precipitation or phase separation occurs during preparation, heat and/or sonication can be used to aid dissolution.

  • Protocol 1

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

    Solubility: ≥ 1.5 mg/mL (7.72 mM); Clear solution

    This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 1.5 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (15.0 mg/mL) to 400 μL PEG300, and mix evenly; then add 50 μL Tween-80 and mix evenly; then add 450 μL Saline to adjust the volume to 1 mL.

    Preparation of Saline: Dissolve 0.9 g sodium chloride in ddH₂O and dilute to 100 mL to obtain a clear Saline solution.
  • Protocol 2

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in Saline)

    Solubility: 1.5 mg/mL (7.72 mM); Suspended solution; Need ultrasonic

    This protocol yields a suspended solution of 1.5 mg/mL. Suspended solution can be used for oral and intraperitoneal injection.

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (15.0 mg/mL) to 900 μL 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline, and mix evenly.

    Preparation of 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline (4°C, storage for one week): 2 g SBE-β-CD powder is dissolved in 10 mL Saline, completely dissolve until clear.
In Vivo Dissolution Calculator
Please enter the basic information of animal experiments:

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mg/kg

Animal weight
(per animal)

g

Dosing volume
(per animal)

μL

Number of animals

Recommended: Prepare an additional quantity of animals to account for potential losses during experiments.
Please enter your animal formula composition:
%
DMSO +
+
%
Tween-80 +
%
Saline
Recommended: Keep the proportion of DMSO in working solution below 2% if your animal is weak.
The co-solvents required include: DMSO, . All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE). , Tween 80. All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE).
Calculation results:
Working solution concentration: mg/mL
Method for preparing stock solution: mg drug dissolved in μL  DMSO (Stock solution concentration: mg/mL).
The concentration of the stock solution you require exceeds the measured solubility. The following solution is for reference only. If necessary, please contact MedChemExpress (MCE).
Method for preparing in vivo working solution for animal experiments: Take μL DMSO stock solution, add μL . μL , mix evenly, next add μL Tween 80, mix evenly, then add μL Saline.
 If the continuous dosing period exceeds half a month, please choose this protocol carefully.
Please ensure that the stock solution in the first step is dissolved to a clear state, and add co-solvents in sequence. You can use ultrasonic heating (ultrasonic cleaner, recommended frequency 20-40 kHz), vortexing, etc. to assist dissolution.
Purity & Documentation
References

Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month. When stored at -80°C, please use it within 6 months. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 month.

Optional Solvent Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 25 mg
DMSO 1 mM 5.1485 mL 25.7427 mL 51.4854 mL 128.7134 mL
5 mM 1.0297 mL 5.1485 mL 10.2971 mL 25.7427 mL
10 mM 0.5149 mL 2.5743 mL 5.1485 mL 12.8713 mL
15 mM 0.3432 mL 1.7162 mL 3.4324 mL 8.5809 mL
20 mM 0.2574 mL 1.2871 mL 2.5743 mL 6.4357 mL
25 mM 0.2059 mL 1.0297 mL 2.0594 mL 5.1485 mL
30 mM 0.1716 mL 0.8581 mL 1.7162 mL 4.2904 mL
40 mM 0.1287 mL 0.6436 mL 1.2871 mL 3.2178 mL
50 mM 0.1030 mL 0.5149 mL 1.0297 mL 2.5743 mL
60 mM 0.0858 mL 0.4290 mL 0.8581 mL 2.1452 mL
80 mM 0.0644 mL 0.3218 mL 0.6436 mL 1.6089 mL
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NNZ 2591 Related Classifications

Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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NNZ 2591
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