1. Anti-infection Metabolic Enzyme/Protease Apoptosis
  2. Aminopeptidase Bacterial MMP Apoptosis Antibiotic
  3. Actinonin

Actinonin  (Synonyms: (-)-Actinonin)

Cat. No.: HY-113952 Purity: 98.61%
COA Handling Instructions

Actinonin ((-)-Actinonin) is a naturally occurring antibacterial agent produced by Actinomyces. Actinonin inhibits aminopeptidase M, aminopeptidase N and leucine aminopeptidase. Actinonin is a potent reversible peptide deformylase (PDF) inhibitor with a Ki of 0.28 nM. Actinonin also inhibits MMP-1, MMP-3, MMP-8, MMP-9, and hmeprin α with Ki values of 300 nM, 1,700 nM, 190 nM, 330 nM, and 20 nM, respectively. Actinonin is an apoptosis inducer. Actinonin has antiproliferative and antitumor activities.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Actinonin Chemical Structure

Actinonin Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 13434-13-4

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10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO
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Based on 3 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

Actinonin ((-)-Actinonin) is a naturally occurring antibacterial agent produced by Actinomyces. Actinonin inhibits aminopeptidase M, aminopeptidase N and leucine aminopeptidase. Actinonin is a potent reversible peptide deformylase (PDF) inhibitor with a Ki of 0.28 nM. Actinonin also inhibits MMP-1, MMP-3, MMP-8, MMP-9, and hmeprin α with Ki values of 300 nM, 1,700 nM, 190 nM, 330 nM, and 20 nM, respectively. Actinonin is an apoptosis inducer. Actinonin has antiproliferative and antitumor activities[1][2][3][4][5].

IC50 & Target

Ki: 0.28 nM (Peptide deformylase (PDF))[2], 300 nM (MMP-1), 1,700 nM (MMP-3), 190 nM (MMP-8), 330 nM (MMP-9)[3], and 20 nM (hmeprin α)[5]
Apoptosis[1]
Aminopeptidase M, Aminopeptidase N and Leucine aminopeptidase[1]

In Vitro

Actinonin inhibits cell growth in various human tumor cell lines. The IC50 of 4, 6.9, 12.8, 16.6, 27.4, 15.7 and 49.3 μM for Raji cells, MDA-MB-468 cells,PC3 cells, SK-LC-19 cells, Hela cells, HT-1080 cells and AL67 cells, respectively[1].
? HsPDF is a critical target of actinonin and that the inhibition of this protein in the mitochondria leads to cell death in tumor cells. Actinonin treatment of cells led to a tumor-specific mitochondrial membrane depolarization and ATP depletion in a time- and dose-dependent manner[1].
Actinonin is a potent inhibitor of all three forms (Zn-, Ni-, and Fe-) of peptide deformylases from both S. aureus and E. coli bacteria. Under the assay conditions, the IC50 values for Actinonin are 90, 3, 0.8, and 11 nM for Zn-PDF (E. coli), Ni-PDF (E. coli), Fe-PDF (E. coli), and Ni-PDF (S. aureus), respectively[2].
Actinonin is active against Gram-positive bacteria, including S. aureus (MIC value of 8-16 μg/mL), Streptococcus pyogenes (MIC value of 8 μg/mL) and Streptococcus epidermidis (MIC value of 2-4 μg/mL). Actinonin is also active against fastidious Gramne-gative bacteria, such as H. influenzae (MIC value of 1-2 μg/mL), Moraxella catarrhalis (MIC value of 0.5 μg/mL), and Neisseria gonorrheae (MIC value of 1-4 μg/mL).? Actinonin is very active against the H. influenzae acr (MIC value of 0.13 μg/mL) and E. coli acr (MIC value of 0.25 μg/mL) efflux pump mutants[2].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

Actinonin has been safely administered to mice as an antibiotic at doses up to 400 mg/kg. Actinonin does not appear to have significant toxicity to normal tissues, despite its antitumor activity in vitro. Remarkably, Actinonin exhibits significant antitumor activity when given i.p. or orally in a CWR22 human prostate tumor xenograft model in nude mice. During treatment, the animals show no signs of toxicity[1].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Molecular Weight

385.50

Formula

C19H35N3O5

CAS No.
Appearance

Solid

Color

White to off-white

SMILES

O=C(N[C@H](C(N1[C@H](CO)CCC1)=O)C(C)C)[C@H](CCCCC)CC(NO)=O

Structure Classification
Initial Source

actinomycete

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
-20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 50 mg/mL (129.70 mM; Need ultrasonic)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.5940 mL 12.9702 mL 25.9403 mL
5 mM 0.5188 mL 2.5940 mL 5.1881 mL
10 mM 0.2594 mL 1.2970 mL 2.5940 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

    Solubility: ≥ 5 mg/mL (12.97 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in Saline)

    Solubility: 5 mg/mL (12.97 mM); Suspended solution; Need ultrasonic

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% Corn Oil

    Solubility: ≥ 5 mg/mL (12.97 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE).
Purity & Documentation

Purity: 98.61%

References
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Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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Product Name:
Actinonin
Cat. No.:
HY-113952
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