1. GPCR/G Protein
    Neuronal Signaling
  2. Neurokinin Receptor
  3. Spantide I TFA

Spantide I TFA 

Cat. No.: HY-P1194A
Handling Instructions

Spantide I TFA, a substance P analog, is a selective NK1 receptor antagonist, with Ki values of 230 nM and 8150 nM for NK1 and NK2 receptor, respectively. Spantide I provides an approach to reduce type 1 and enhance the type 2 cytokine IL-10 in the infected cornea, leading to a significant reduction in corneal perforation.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Custom Peptide Synthesis

Spantide I TFA Chemical Structure

Spantide I TFA Chemical Structure

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Description

Spantide I TFA, a substance P analog, is a selective NK1 receptor antagonist, with Ki values of 230 nM and 8150 nM for NK1 and NK2 receptor, respectively. Spantide I provides an approach to reduce type 1 and enhance the type 2 cytokine IL-10 in the infected cornea, leading to a significant reduction in corneal perforation[1][2][3].

In Vivo

Spantide I (50 and 100 nM perfused through the cerebral ventricles) causes a complete respiratory arrest in all of the examined animals[2].
Spantide I (36 μg/mouse, ip daily) significantly decreases the number of perforated corneas, bacterial counts, and PMNs. Spantide I also downregulates the mRNA levels for type I cytokines (e.g., IFN-γ) as well as MIP-2, IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-1β[3].

Animal Model: Female, 8-week-old C57BL/6 (B6) and BALB/c mice[3].
Dosage: 36 μg/mouse.
Administration: IP on days -1 and 0 (day of infection) and daily through 5 days pi (post infection).
Result: At 3 and 5 days pi, compound-treated mice had significantly less severe ocular disease than did the PBS-treated mice.
Contained significantly fewer PMNs than the corneas of PBS-treated mice at 3 and 5 days pi.
Significantly reduced levels of corneal TNF-α mRNA at 3 and 5 days pi.
Significantly reduced the level of IL-18 mRNA at 1 day pi.
Molecular Weight

1611.81

Formula

C₇₇H₁₀₉F₃N₂₀O₁₅

Sequence Shortening

{D-Arg}-PKPQQ-{D-Trp}-F-{D-Trp}-LL-NH2

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage

Please store the product under the recommended conditions in the Certificate of Analysis.

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

H2O

Peptide Solubility and Storage Guidelines:

1.  Calculate the length of the peptide.

2.  Calculate the overall charge of the entire peptide according to the following table:

  Contents Assign value
Acidic amino acid Asp (D), Glu (E), and the C-terminal -COOH. -1
Basic amino acid Arg (R), Lys (K), His (H), and the N-terminal -NH2 +1
Neutral amino acid Gly (G), Ala (A), Leu (L), Ile (I), Val (V), Cys (C), Met (M), Thr (T), Ser (S), Phe (F), Tyr (Y), Trp (W), Pro (P), Asn (N), Gln (Q) 0

3.  Recommended solution:

Overall charge of peptide Details
Negative (<0) 1.  Try to dissolve the peptide in water first.
2.  If water fails, add NH4OH (<50 μL).
3.  If the peptide still does not dissolve, add DMSO (50-100 μL) to solubilize the peptide.
Positive (>0) 1.  Try to dissolve the peptide in water first.
2.  If water fails, try dissolving the peptide in a 10%-30% acetic acid solution.
3.  If the peptide still does not dissolve, try dissolving the peptide in a small amount of DMSO.
Zero (=0) 1.  Try to dissolve the peptide in organic solvent (acetonitrile, methanol, etc.) first.
2.  For very hydrophobic peptides, try dissolving the peptide in a small amount of DMSO, and then dilute the solution with water to the desired concentration.
References
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  • Molarity Calculator

  • Dilution Calculator

The molarity calculator equation

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

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The dilution calculator equation

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)
× = ×
C1   V1   C2   V2

Keywords:

Spantide INeurokinin ReceptorNK receptorIL-10TNF-αIL-18IFN-γPMNMIP-2IL-6IL-1βInhibitorinhibitorinhibit

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Spantide I TFA
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HY-P1194A
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