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  3. Berberine chloride

Berberine chloride  (Synonyms: Natural Yellow 18 chloride)

Cat. No.: HY-18258 Purity: 99.66%
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Berberine chloride is an alkaloid that acts as an antibiotic. Berberine chloride induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and inhibits DNA topoisomerase. Antineoplastic properties.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Berberine chloride Chemical Structure

Berberine chloride Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 633-65-8

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10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO
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Customer Review

Based on 36 publication(s) in Google Scholar

Other Forms of Berberine chloride:

Top Publications Citing Use of Products

33 Publications Citing Use of MCE Berberine chloride

WB
Proliferation Assay
Cell Viability Assay

    Berberine chloride purchased from MedChemExpress. Usage Cited in: BMC Pharmacol Toxicol. 2023 May 11;24(1):29.  [Abstract]

    Berberine (BBR; 0.625, 1.25, 2.5, 5, 10 µM; 48 h) inhibits the viability of A431cells in a dose-dependent matter.

    Berberine chloride purchased from MedChemExpress. Usage Cited in: BMC Pharmacol Toxicol. 2023 May 11;24(1):29.  [Abstract]

    Berberine (BBR; 2.5, 5, 10 µM; 48 h) inhibits EGFR phosphorylation in a dose-dependent matter in A431cells.

    Berberine chloride purchased from MedChemExpress. Usage Cited in: BMC Pharmacol Toxicol. 2023 May 11;24(1):29.  [Abstract]

    Berberine (BBR; 2.5 µM; 10 days) significantly inhibits NCI-H441 colony formation.
    • Biological Activity

    • Purity & Documentation

    • References

    • Customer Review

    Description

    Berberine chloride is an alkaloid that acts as an antibiotic. Berberine chloride induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and inhibits DNA topoisomerase. Antineoplastic properties[1].

    IC50 & Target

    ROS[1]
    DNA topoisomerase[1]

    In Vitro

    Berberine (1.25-160 μM; 72 hours) has potential inhibitory effects on the proliferation of four colorectal carcinoma cell lines LoVo, HCT116, SW480, and HT-29[1].
    Berberine (1.25-160 μM; 24-72 hours) induces a time- and dose-dependent inhibition of LoVo cell growth[1].
    LoVo cells are exposure to Berberine (10-80 μM) for 24 h. Cell cycle analysis of 40 μM Berberine-treated LoVo cells by flow cytometry shows accumulation of cells in the G2/M phase[1].
    Berberine (10-80 μM) suppresses cyclin B1, cdc2 and cdc25c protein expression after 24 h, especially at the dose of 80.0 μM[1].

    MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Cell Proliferation Assay[1]

    Cell Line: Four colorectal carcinoma cell lines LoVo, HCT116, SW480, and HT-29
    Concentration: 1.25, 2.5, 5, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 μM
    Incubation Time: 72 hours
    Result: Inhibited the proliferation of four cell lines. The IC50 ranged from 40.8±4.1 μM (LoVo) to 98.6±2.9 μM (HCT116).

    Cell Proliferation Assay[1]

    Cell Line: Colorectal carcinoma cell lines LoVo
    Concentration: 1.25, 2.5, 5, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 μM
    Incubation Time: 24, 48, 72 hours
    Result: Induced a time- and dose-dependent inhibition of cell growth. By 72 h, 160.0 μM induced 71.1±1.9 % growth inhibitions in LoVo cells.

    Cell Cycle Analysis[1]

    Cell Line: LoVo cells
    Concentration: 0, 10, 20, 40, or 80 μM
    Incubation Time: 24 hours
    Result: Exposure to 40.0 μM induced G2/M-phase cell cycle arrest, an increase in the G2/M-phase population and a progressive decline in the G1 population.

    Western Blot Analysis[1]

    Cell Line: LoVo cells
    Concentration: 10, 20, 40, or 80 μM
    Incubation Time: 24 hours
    Result: Suppressed cyclin B1, cdc2 and cdc25c protein expression.
    In Vivo

    Berberine (10, 30, or 50 mg/kg/day; gastrointestinal gavage; for 10 consecutive days) inhibits the growth of human colorectal adenocarcinoma in vivo. Berberine at doses of 30 and 50 mg/kg/day taken by gastrointestinal gavage shows inhibitory rates of 33.1% and 45.3% on the human colorectal adenocarcinoma xenograft growth in nude mice[1].

    MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Animal Model: 5-week-old BALB/c nu/nu mice with human colorectal adenocarcinoma LoVo xenografts[1]
    Dosage: 10, 30, or 50 mg/kg/day
    Administration: Gastrointestinal gavage; for 10 consecutive days
    Result: Showed inhibitory rates of 33.1 % and 45.3 % at doses of 30 and 50 mg/kg/day.
    Clinical Trial
    Molecular Weight

    371.81

    Formula

    C20H18ClNO4

    CAS No.
    Appearance

    Solid

    Color

    Light yellow to yellow

    SMILES

    COC1=C(OC)C2=C[N+]3=C(C(C(CC3)=C4)=CC5=C4OCO5)C=C2C=C1.[Cl-]

    Structure Classification
    Initial Source
    Shipping

    Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

    Storage

    4°C, sealed storage, away from moisture

    *In solvent : -80°C, 1 years; -20°C, 6 months (sealed storage, away from moisture)

    Solvent & Solubility
    In Vitro: 

    DMSO : 12.5 mg/mL (33.62 mM; Need ultrasonic)

    H2O : < 0.1 mg/mL (insoluble)

    Preparing
    Stock Solutions
    Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
    1 mM 2.6895 mL 13.4477 mL 26.8955 mL
    5 mM 0.5379 mL 2.6895 mL 5.3791 mL
    10 mM 0.2690 mL 1.3448 mL 2.6895 mL
    *Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
    In Vivo:
    • 1.

      Add each solvent one by one:  0.5% CMC-Na/saline water

      Solubility: 11 mg/mL (29.59 mM); Suspended solution; Need ultrasonic

    • 2.

      Add each solvent one by one:  PBS

      Solubility: 10 mg/mL (26.90 mM); Suspended solution; Need ultrasonic

    • 3.

      Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

      Solubility: ≥ 1.25 mg/mL (3.36 mM); Clear solution

    • 4.

      Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in Saline)

      Solubility: ≥ 1.25 mg/mL (3.36 mM); Clear solution

    *All of the co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE).
    Purity & Documentation

    Purity: 99.66%

    References
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    Help & FAQs
    • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

      Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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    Product Name:
    Berberine chloride
    Cat. No.:
    HY-18258
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