1. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage Autophagy Anti-infection Immunology/Inflammation NF-κB Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  2. Topoisomerase Autophagy Bacterial Reactive Oxygen Species Endogenous Metabolite Antibiotic Parasite
  3. Berberine

Berberine  (Synonyms: Natural Yellow 18)

Cat. No.: HY-N0716
Handling Instructions

Berberine (Natural Yellow 18) is an alkaloid isolated from the Chinese herbal medicine Huanglian, as an antibiotic. Berberine (Natural Yellow 18) induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and inhibits DNA topoisomerase. Berberine (Natural Yellow 18) has antineoplastic properties. The sulfate form (HY-N0716B) improves bioavailability.

At equivalent molar concentrations, both the salt and free forms of a compound exhibit comparable biological activity. Nevertheless, the salt form (Berberine sulfate) usually boasts enhanced water solubility and stability.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Berberine Chemical Structure

Berberine Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 2086-83-1

Size Stock
5 mg Get quote
10 mg Get quote
25 mg Get quote

* Please select Quantity before adding items.

This product is a controlled substance and not for sale in your territory.

Other Forms of Berberine:

Top Publications Citing Use of Products

33 Publications Citing Use of MCE Berberine

WB
Proliferation Assay
Cell Viability Assay

    Berberine purchased from MedChemExpress. Usage Cited in: BMC Pharmacol Toxicol. 2023 May 11;24(1):29.  [Abstract]

    Berberine (BBR; 0.625, 1.25, 2.5, 5, 10 µM; 48 h) inhibits the viability of A431cells in a dose-dependent matter.

    Berberine purchased from MedChemExpress. Usage Cited in: BMC Pharmacol Toxicol. 2023 May 11;24(1):29.  [Abstract]

    Berberine (BBR; 2.5, 5, 10 µM; 48 h) inhibits EGFR phosphorylation in a dose-dependent matter in A431cells.

    Berberine purchased from MedChemExpress. Usage Cited in: BMC Pharmacol Toxicol. 2023 May 11;24(1):29.  [Abstract]

    Berberine (BBR; 2.5 µM; 10 days) significantly inhibits NCI-H441 colony formation.
    • Biological Activity

    • Purity & Documentation

    • References

    • Customer Review

    Description

    Berberine (Natural Yellow 18) is an alkaloid isolated from the Chinese herbal medicine Huanglian, as an antibiotic. Berberine (Natural Yellow 18) induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and inhibits DNA topoisomerase. Berberine (Natural Yellow 18) has antineoplastic properties. The sulfate form (HY-N0716B) improves bioavailability[1].

    IC50 & Target

    ROS[1]
    DNA topoisomerase[1]

    In Vitro

    Berberine (1.25-160 μM; 72 hours) has potential inhibitory effects on the proliferation of four colorectal carcinoma cell lines LoVo, HCT116, SW480, and HT-29[1].
    Berberine (1.25-160 μM; 24-72 hours) induces a time- and dose-dependent inhibition of LoVo cell growth[1].
    LoVo cells are exposure to Berberine (10-80 μM) for 24 h. Cell cycle analysis of 40 μM Berberine-treated LoVo cells by flow cytometry shows accumulation of cells in the G2/M phase[1].
    Berberine (10-80 μM) suppresses cyclin B1, cdc2 and cdc25c protein expression after 24 h, especially at the dose of 80.0 μM[1].

    MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Cell Proliferation Assay[1]

    Cell Line: Four colorectal carcinoma cell lines LoVo, HCT116, SW480, and HT-29
    Concentration: 1.25, 2.5, 5, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 μM
    Incubation Time: 72 hours
    Result: Inhibited the proliferation of four cell lines. The IC50 ranged from 40.8±4.1 μM (LoVo) to 98.6±2.9 μM (HCT116).

    Cell Proliferation Assay[1]

    Cell Line: Colorectal carcinoma cell lines LoVo
    Concentration: 1.25, 2.5, 5, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 μM
    Incubation Time: 24, 48, 72 hours
    Result: Induced a time- and dose-dependent inhibition of cell growth. By 72 h, 160.0 μM induced 71.1±1.9 % growth inhibitions in LoVo cells.

    Cell Cycle Analysis[1]

    Cell Line: LoVo cells
    Concentration: 0, 10, 20, 40, or 80 μM
    Incubation Time: 24 hours
    Result: Exposure to 40.0 μM induced G2/M-phase cell cycle arrest, an increase in the G2/M-phase population and a progressive decline in the G1 population.

    Western Blot Analysis[1]

    Cell Line: LoVo cells
    Concentration: 10, 20, 40, or 80 μM
    Incubation Time: 24 hours
    Result: Suppressed cyclin B1, cdc2 and cdc25c protein expression.
    In Vivo

    Berberine (10, 30, or 50 mg/kg/day; gastrointestinal gavage; for 10 consecutive days) inhibits the growth of human colorectal adenocarcinoma in vivo. Berberine at doses of 30 and 50 mg/kg/day taken by gastrointestinal gavage shows inhibitory rates of 33.1% and 45.3% on the human colorectal adenocarcinoma xenograft growth in nude mice[1].

    MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Animal Model: 5-week-old BALB/c nu/nu mice with human colorectal adenocarcinoma LoVo xenografts[1]
    Dosage: 10, 30, or 50 mg/kg/day
    Administration: Gastrointestinal gavage; for 10 consecutive days
    Result: Showed inhibitory rates of 33.1 % and 45.3 % at doses of 30 and 50 mg/kg/day.
    Clinical Trial
    Molecular Weight

    336.36

    Formula

    C20H18NO4+

    CAS No.
    SMILES

    COC1=C(OC)C2=C[N+]3=C(C(C(CC3)=C4)=CC5=C4OCO5)C=C2C=C1

    Structure Classification
    Initial Source
    Shipping

    Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

    Storage

    Please store the product under the recommended conditions in the Certificate of Analysis.

    Purity & Documentation
    References
    • No file chosen (Maximum size is: 1024 Kb)
    • If you have published this work, please enter the PubMed ID.
    • Your name will appear on the site.
    Help & FAQs
    • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

      Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

    • Molarity Calculator

    • Dilution Calculator

    The molarity calculator equation

    Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

    Mass   Concentration   Volume   Molecular Weight *
    = × ×

    The dilution calculator equation

    Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

    This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

    Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)
    × = ×
    C1   V1   C2   V2

    Your Recently Viewed Products:

    Inquiry Online

    Your information is safe with us. * Required Fields.

    Product Name

     

    Salutation

    Applicant Name *

     

    Email Address *

    Phone Number *

     

    Organization Name *

    Department *

     

    Requested quantity *

    Country or Region *

         

    Remarks

    Bulk Inquiry

    Inquiry Information

    Product Name:
    Berberine
    Cat. No.:
    HY-N0716
    Quantity:
    MCE Japan Authorized Agent: