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L-Eflornithine (Synonyms: L-DFMO; L-RMI71782; L-α-difluoromethylornithine)

Cat. No.: HY-B0744C
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L-Eflornithine (L-DFMO) is an enantiomer of Eflornithine. L-Eflornithine is an irreversible ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) inhibitor with a KD of 1.3±0.3 µM, and a Kinact of 0.15±0.03 min-1.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

L-Eflornithine Chemical Structure

L-Eflornithine Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 66640-93-5

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Description

L-Eflornithine (L-DFMO) is an enantiomer of Eflornithine. L-Eflornithine is an irreversible ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) inhibitor with a KD of 1.3±0.3 µM, and a Kinact of 0.15±0.03 min-1[1].

IC50 & Target

KD:1.3±0.3 µM (Ornithine decarboxylase, ODC)[1]

In Vitro

Eflornithine (D/L-DFMO) is an inhibitor of ODC, the first enzyme in eukaryotic polyamine biosynthesis. Both enantiomers of Eflornithine (DFMO) irreversibly inactivate ODC. Both Eflornithine enantiomers (L-Eflornithine and D-Eflornithine) suppress ODC activity in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. The inhibitor dissociation constant (KD) values for the formation of enzyme-inhibitor complexes are 28.3±3.4, 1.3±0.3 and 2.2±0.4 µM respectively for D-Eflornithine, L-Eflornithine and Eflornithine. The inhibitor inactivation constants (Kinact) for the irreversible step were 0.25±0.03, 0.15±0.03 and 0.15±0.03 min-1 respectively for D-Eflornithine, L-Eflornithine and Eflornithine. Treatment of human colon tumour-derived HCT116 cells with either L-Eflornithine or D- Eflornithine decreases the cellular polyamine contents in a concentration-dependent manner[1]. The enantiomers display different potencies in vitro, with the L-enantiomer having up to a 20-fold higher affinity for the target enzyme ornithine decarboxylase[2].
The L-Eflornithine also appears to be more potent in cultured T.brucei gambiense parasites[2].

In Vivo

The more potent L-Eflornithine is present at much lower concentrations in both plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) than those of the D-Eflornithine. The plasma concentrations of L-Eflornithine are on average 52% of the D-enantiomer concentrations. The typical oral clearances of L-Eflornithine and D-eflornithine are 17.4 and 8.23 liters/h, respectively[2].

Molecular Weight

182.17

Formula

C₆H₁₂F₂N₂O₂

CAS No.

66640-93-5

SMILES

N[[email protected]](CCCN)(C(F)F)C(O)=O

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Please store the product under the recommended conditions in the Certificate of Analysis.

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L-Eflornithine
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