1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Immunology/Inflammation
  3. Toll-like Receptor (TLR)

Toll-like Receptor (TLR)

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a class of proteins that play a key role in the innate immune system. They are single, membrane-spanning, non-catalytic receptors usually expressed in sentinel cells such as macrophages and dendritic cells, that recognize structurally conserved molecules derived from microbes. Once these microbes have breached physical barriers such as the skin or intestinal tract mucosa, they are recognized by TLRs, which activate immune cell responses. The TLRs include TLR1, TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, TLR5, TLR6, TLR7, TLR8, TLR9, TLR10, TLR11, TLR12, and TLR13. Toll-Like Receptors (TLRs) play a critical role in the early innate immune response to invading pathogens by sensing microorganism and are involved in sensing endogenous danger signals. TLRs are evolutionarily conserved receptors are homologues of the Drosophila Toll protein, discovered to be important for defense against microbial infection. TLRs recognize highly conserved structural motifs known as pathogen-associated microbial patterns (PAMPs), which are exclusively expressed by microbial pathogens.

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-17589A
    Chloroquine
    Inhibitor 99.82%
    Chloroquine is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
    Chloroquine
  • HY-D1056
    Lipopolysaccharides, from E. coli O55:B5
    Activator
    Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) is an endotoxin derived from the outer leaflet of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. Lipopolysaccharides consists of an antigen O-specific chain, a core oligosaccharide and lipid A. Lipopolysaccharides is a pathogenic associated molecular pattern (PAMP) that activates the immune system. Lipopolysaccharides activates TLR-4 on immune cells. This product is derived from Escherichia coli O55:B5. Lipopolysaccharides induces secretion of cell migrasome.
    Lipopolysaccharides, from E. coli O55:B5
  • HY-11109
    Resatorvid
    Inhibitor 99.95%
    Resatorvid (TAK-242) is a selective Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) inhibitor. Resatorvid inhibits NO, TNF-α and IL-6 production with IC50s of 1.8 nM, 1.9 nM and 1.3 nM, respectively. Resatorvid downregulates expression of TLR4 downstream signaling molecules MyD88 and TRIF. Resatorvid inhibits autophagy and plays pivotal role in various inflammatory diseases.
    Resatorvid
  • HY-13740
    Resiquimod
    Agonist 99.95%
    Resiquimod is a Toll-like receptor 7 and 8 (TLR7/TLR8) agonist that induces the upregulation of cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-6 and IFN-α.
    Resiquimod
  • HY-107202
    Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid
    Agonist 99.40%
    Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (Poly(I:C)) is a synthetic analog of double-stranded RNA and an agonist of toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) and retinoic acid inducible gene I (RIG-I)-like receptors (RIG-I and MDA5). Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid can be used as a vaccine adjuvant to enhance innate and adaptive immune responses, and to alter the tumor microenvironment. Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid can directly trigger cancer cells to undergo apoptosis.
    Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid
  • HY-150724C
    ODN 1018 sodium
    Agonist
    ODN 1018 sodium, an oligodeoxynucleotide, is a TLR-9 agonist. ODN 1018 sodium is also a synthetic immunostimulatory sequence that can be used as vaccine adjuvant. Sequence: 5′-TGACTGTGAACGTTCGAGATGA-3′.
    ODN 1018 sodium
  • HY-146245C
    ODN 1826 sodium
    Agonist 98.79%
    ODN 1826 sodium is a class B CpG ODN (oligodeoxynucleotide) that is a TLR9 agonist. ODN 1826 sodium is an immunostimulatory agent that induces NO and iNOS production in mouse models. ODN 1826 sodium also enhances apoptosis (apoptosis) and may promote atherosclerosis. ODN 1826 sequence: 5’-tccatgacgttcctgacgtt-3’.
    ODN 1826 sodium
  • HY-148980A
    Polyinosinic acid sodium
    Polyinosinic acid sodium is the sodium form of Polyinosinic acid (HY-148980). Polyinosinic acid is a single stranded homonucleic acid, which is a Toll-like Receptor 3 (TLR3) ligand. Polyinosinic acid enhances cellular immune response through TLR3 and TRIF. Polyinosinic acid has potential applications in immune regulation.
    Polyinosinic acid sodium
  • HY-17589
    Chloroquine phosphate
    Inhibitor 99.89%
    Chloroquine phosphate is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine phosphate is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine phosphate is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
    Chloroquine phosphate
  • HY-100461
    C29
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    C29 is a Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) inhibitor. C29 blocks hTLR2/1 and hTLR2/6 signaling with IC50s of 19.7 and 37.6 μM, respectively.
    C29
  • HY-B0180
    Imiquimod
    Agonist 99.96%
    Imiquimod (R 837), an immune response modifier, is a selective toll like receptor 7 (TLR7) agonist. Imiquimod exhibits antiviral and antitumor effects in vivo. Imiquimod can be used for the research of external genital, perianal warts, cancer and COVID-19.
    Imiquimod
  • HY-W031727
    Hydroxychloroquine
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is a synthetic oral antimalarial drug that can be used in the study of malaria and autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. Hydroxychloroquine is a potent autophagic flux inhibitor with antiviral activity (such as SARS-CoV-2 virus) that inhibits Toll-like receptor 7/9 (TLR7/9) signaling.
    Hydroxychloroquine
  • HY-B1370
    Hydroxychloroquine sulfate
    Inhibitor 99.99%
    Hydroxychloroquine sulfate (HCQ sulfate) is a synthetic antimalarial agent which can also inhibit Toll-like receptor 7/9 (TLR7/9) signaling. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate is efficiently inhibits SARS-CoV-2 infection in vitro.
    Hydroxychloroquine sulfate
  • HY-P1180A
    Pam3CSK4 TFA
    Agonist 99.66%
    Pam3CSK4 TFA is a toll-like receptor 1/2 (TLR1/2) agonist with an EC50 of 0.47 ng/mL for human TLR1/2.
    Pam3CSK4 TFA
  • HY-134581
    Enpatoran
    Inhibitor 99.77%
    Enpatoran (M5049) is a potent, orally active and dual TLR7/8 inhibitor with IC50s of 11.1 nM and 24.1 nM in HEK293 cells, respectively. Enpatoran is inactive against TLR3, TLR4 and TLR9. Enpatoran can block molecule synthetic ligands and natural endogenous RNA ligands. Enpatoran exhibits excellent pharmacokinetic properties in vivo. Enpatoran can be used for both innate and adaptive autoimmunity blocking research .
    Enpatoran
  • HY-146245
    ODN 1826
    Agonist
    ODN 1826 (CpG 1826), a class B CpG ODN (oligodeoxynucleotide), is a TLR9 agonist. ODN 1826 promotes Apoptosis. ODN 1826 is an excellent immune stimulator with antitumor activity. ODN 1826 has protective effects on the heart. ODN 1826 sequence: 5’-tccatgacgttcctgacgtt-3’.
    ODN 1826
  • HY-153808
    Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)
    Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) is an immunoadjuvant emulsified with antigen by its discoverer Jules T. Freund to enhance an animal's immune response to an antigen. Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) is also an inducer of the Th1 immune response and a ligand of TLRs. Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) contains heat-killed inactive tuberculosis bacilli and consists of a paraffin oil-in-water emulsion. Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) stimulates a strong and durable immune response and can be used to induce persistent inflammatory pain models in mice, experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) models, and more. Incomplete Freund's adjuvant (IFA) (HY-153808A) is another type of Freund's Adjuvant that stimulates a weaker immune response.
    Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)
  • HY-108473
    CU-CPT 4a
    Inhibitor 98.91%
    CU-CPT 4a (TLR3-IN-1) is a potent, highly selective TLR3 signaling inhibitor. CU-CPT 4a represses the expression of downstream signaling pathways mediated by the TLR3/dsRNA complex, including TNF-α and IL-1β.
    CU-CPT 4a
  • HY-129522
    Sulfo-ara-F-NMN
    Activator 99.36%
    Sulfo-ara-F-NMN (CZ-48) is a mimetic of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN). Sulfo-ara-F-NMN acts selectively, activating SARM1 but inhibiting CD38 (IC50 around 10 μM). Sulfo-ara-F-NMN induces intracellular cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) production.
    Sulfo-ara-F-NMN
  • HY-B0180A
    Imiquimod hydrochloride
    Agonist 99.77%
    Imiquimod hydrochloride (R 837 hydrochloride), an immune response modifier, is a selective toll like receptor 7 (TLR7) agonist. Imiquimod hydrochloride exhibits antiviral and antitumor effects in vivo. Imiquimod hydrochloride can be used for the research of external genital, perianal warts, cancer and COVID-19.
    Imiquimod hydrochloride
Cat. No. Product Name / Synonyms Species Source
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