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  3. (20S)-Protopanaxatriol

(20S)-Protopanaxatriol  (Synonyms: 20(S)-APPT; g-PPT)

Cat. No.: HY-N0835 Purity: 99.42%
COA Handling Instructions

(20S)-Protopanaxatriol is a metabolite of ginsenoside. (20S)-Protopanaxatriol works through the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and oestrogen receptor (ER), and is also a LXRα inhibitor. (20S)-Protopanaxatriol shows a broad spectrum of antitumor effects.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

(20S)-Protopanaxatriol Chemical Structure

(20S)-Protopanaxatriol Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 34080-08-5

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Description

(20S)-Protopanaxatriol is a metabolite of ginsenoside. (20S)-Protopanaxatriol works through the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and oestrogen receptor (ER), and is also a LXRα inhibitor. (20S)-Protopanaxatriol shows a broad spectrum of antitumor effects[1][2][3].

IC50 & Target

Glucocorticoid receptor, Oestrogen receptor[1];
LXRα[2]

In Vitro

(20S)-Protopanaxatriol works through the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and oestrogen receptor (ER) in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). (20S)-Protopanaxatriol (PPT) increases [Ca2+]i with an EC50 of 482 nM in HUVECs. ((20S)-Protopanaxatriol (1 µM) elevates NO production via ERβ[1]. (20S)-Protopanaxatriol inhibits the autonomous transactivation of Gal4-LXRα LBD, the T0901317-dependent transcription of SREBP-1c and its promoter. (20S)-Protopanaxatriol (10 μg/mL) blocks the recruitment of RNA polymerase II to the LXRE region of SREBP-1c. (20S)-Protopanaxatriol also inhibits T0901317-dependent transcription of LXRα target genes related to lipogenesis, and reduces T0901317-induced cellular triglyceride (TG) accumulation in primary hepatocytes, but does not alter transcription of ABCA1, also an LXRα target gene[2].
Both In HCC827GR and H1975 cell lines, g-PPT (100 nM, 1 μM, 10 μM, 20 μM; 48 hours) results in SCD1 expression decreased[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

(20S)-Protopanaxatriol (10 mg/kg; i.p.; daily for four weeks) synergizes with Gefitinib to inhibit xenograft growth[3].
(20S)-Protopanaxatriol (50-100 mg/kg; p.o.; 25 days; female BALB/c nude mice bearing breast cancer MCF-7 cell) inhibits the growth of MCF-7 breast cancer cells in a nude mice xenograft assay[4].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Model: H1975 murine xenograft tumor model
Dosage: 10 mg/kg
Administration: I.p.; daily for four weeks
Result: The combined g-PPT and Gefitinib (50 mg/kg/day) treatment clearly reduced p-EGFR and KI67 expression and increased c-Caspase3 expression compared to Gefitinib or g-PPT treatment alone.
Molecular Weight

476.73

Formula

C30H52O4

CAS No.
SMILES
Structure Classification
Source
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
-20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 100 mg/mL (209.76 mM; Need ultrasonic)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.0976 mL 10.4881 mL 20.9762 mL
5 mM 0.4195 mL 2.0976 mL 4.1952 mL
10 mM 0.2098 mL 1.0488 mL 2.0976 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (4.36 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (4.36 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (4.36 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are available by MCE.
Purity & Documentation

Purity: 99.42%

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  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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