1. Epigenetics Anti-infection
  2. Histone Methyltransferase Bacterial Antibiotic
  3. Chaetocin

Chaetocin is a specific inhibitor of the histone methyltransferase (HMT) SU(VAR)3-9 with an IC50 of 0.6 μM for SU(VAR)3-9. It also inhibits thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) with an IC50 of 4 μM.

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Chaetocin 構造式

Chaetocin 構造式

CAS 番号 : 28097-03-2

容量 価格(税別) 在庫状況 数量
Solid + Solvent (Highly Recommended)
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO
ready for reconstitution
USD 751 在庫あり
Solution
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 751 在庫あり
Solid
1 mg USD 160 在庫あり
5 mg USD 490 在庫あり
10 mg USD 855 在庫あり
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Based on 4 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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製品説明

Chaetocin is a specific inhibitor of the histone methyltransferase (HMT) SU(VAR)3-9 with an IC50 of 0.6 μM for SU(VAR)3-9. It also inhibits thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) with an IC50 of 4 μM.

IC50 & Target

IC50: 0.6 μM (HMT)[1], 4 μM (TrxR)[2]

体外実験

Chaetocin is initially isolated from the fermentation broth of chaetomium minutum and belongs to the class of 3-6 epidithio-diketopiperazines (ETPs). The IC50 for SU(VAR)3-9 is 0.6 μM and acts as a competitive inhibitor for S-adenosylmethionine. Chaetocin inhibits the human ortholog of dSU(VAR)3-9 with a similar IC50 value of 0.8 μM. It inhibits other known Lys9-specific HMTs such as mouse G9a and Neurospora crassa DIM5 with a higher IC50 values of 2.5 and 3 mM, respectively[1]. Chaetocin inhibits TrxR1-initiated turnover of the synthetic substrate DTNB in a cell-free assay in a dose-responsive manner with an IC50 of about 4 μM[2].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

体内実験

SL-2 Drosophila tissue cells are cultured in the presence or absence of the inhibitor. Chaetocin has a toxic effect on cells grown in culture. Toxicity is highly dependent on the initial cell density when chaetocin is added to the culture. The number of H3 molecules dimethylated at Lys9 (H3K9me2) is markedly reduced when cells are grown in medium containing 0.5 μM chaetocin after 5 d. Histones isolated from cells treated with 0.1 μM and for a shorter time also shows a drop in Lys9 methylation, but not as strongly as with the higher concentration[1].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

分子量

696.84

分子式

C30H28N6O6S4

CAS 番号
Appearance

Solid

Color

Light yellow to yellow

SMILES

O=C([C@@](N1C)(SS2)CO)N3[C@](NC4=CC=CC=C54)([H])[C@]5([C@@]6(C7=CC=CC=C7N8)[C@@]8([H])N(C9=O)[C@](C%10=O)(SS[C@]9(CO)N%10C)C6)C[C@]32C1=O

Structure Classification
Initial Source

Chaetomium species

輸送条件

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

保管条件
Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
溶剤 & 溶解度
体外: 

DMSO : ≥ 26 mg/mL (37.31 mM; Hygroscopic DMSO has a significant impact on the solubility of product, please use newly opened DMSO)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.4350 mL 7.1752 mL 14.3505 mL
5 mM 0.2870 mL 1.4350 mL 2.8701 mL
10 mM 0.1435 mL 0.7175 mL 1.4350 mL
View the Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 2 years; -20°C, 1 year. When stored at -80°C, please use it within 2 years. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 year.

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体内:

Select the appropriate dissolution method based on your experimental animal and administration route.

For the following dissolution methods, please ensure to first prepare a clear stock solution using an In Vitro approach and then sequentially add co-solvents:
To ensure reliable experimental results, the clarified stock solution can be appropriately stored based on storage conditions. As for the working solution for in vivo experiments, it is recommended to prepare freshly and use it on the same day.
The percentages shown for the solvents indicate their volumetric ratio in the final prepared solution. If precipitation or phase separation occurs during preparation, heat and/or sonication can be used to aid dissolution.

  • Protocol 1

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

    Solubility: 2.08 mg/mL (2.98 mM); Suspended solution; Need ultrasonic

    This protocol yields a suspended solution of 2.08 mg/mL. Suspended solution can be used for oral and intraperitoneal injection.

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (20.8 mg/mL) to 400 μL PEG300, and mix evenly; then add 50 μL Tween-80 and mix evenly; then add 450 μL Saline to adjust the volume to 1 mL.

    Preparation of Saline: Dissolve 0.9 g sodium chloride in ddH₂O and dilute to 100 mL to obtain a clear Saline solution.
  • Protocol 2

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% Corn Oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (2.98 mM); Clear solution

    This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (saturation unknown). If the continuous dosing period exceeds half a month, please choose this protocol carefully.

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (20.8 mg/mL) to 900 μL Corn oil, and mix evenly.

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Method for preparing stock solution: mg drug dissolved in μL  DMSO (Stock solution concentration: mg/mL).
The concentration of the stock solution you require exceeds the measured solubility. The following solution is for reference only. If necessary, please contact MedChemExpress (MCE).
Method for preparing in vivo working solution for animal experiments: Take μL DMSO stock solution, add μL . μL , mix evenly, next add μL Tween 80, mix evenly, then add μL Saline.
 If the continuous dosing period exceeds half a month, please choose this protocol carefully.
Please ensure that the stock solution in the first step is dissolved to a clear state, and add co-solvents in sequence. You can use ultrasonic heating (ultrasonic cleaner, recommended frequency 20-40 kHz), vortexing, etc. to assist dissolution.
純度とドキュメンテーション

純度: 99.46%

参考文献
細胞実験
[2]

HeLa cells are transfected with 1 μg pcDNA or pcDNA-Trx. Twenty four h after transfection the cells are treated with either DMSO, 100 nM chaetocin or 100 nM doxorubicin for 24 h. The cells are then trypsinized and manually counted in trypan blue to exclude dead cells. For immunoblotting (24 h after transfections), cells are trypsinized, ished in cold PBS, and lysed in CelLytic lysis buffer containing protease inhibitors. Protein is analyzed by BCA assay and lysates are electrophoresed on 15% SDS-PAGE gels and transferred to nitrocellulose. Immunoblotting for thioredoxin and actin is then performed[2].

MedChemExpress (MCE) はこれらの方法の精度を確認していません。 こちらは参照専用です。

参考文献

Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 2 years; -20°C, 1 year. When stored at -80°C, please use it within 2 years. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 year.

Optional Solvent Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 25 mg
DMSO 1 mM 1.4350 mL 7.1752 mL 14.3505 mL 35.8762 mL
5 mM 0.2870 mL 1.4350 mL 2.8701 mL 7.1752 mL
10 mM 0.1435 mL 0.7175 mL 1.4350 mL 3.5876 mL
15 mM 0.0957 mL 0.4783 mL 0.9567 mL 2.3917 mL
20 mM 0.0718 mL 0.3588 mL 0.7175 mL 1.7938 mL
25 mM 0.0574 mL 0.2870 mL 0.5740 mL 1.4350 mL
30 mM 0.0478 mL 0.2392 mL 0.4783 mL 1.1959 mL
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The dilution calculator equation

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)
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Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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製品名:
Chaetocin
製品番号:
HY-N2019
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