1. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
    GPCR/G Protein
    Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
    Epigenetics
    Apoptosis
    Immunology/Inflammation
  2. Phosphodiesterase (PDE)
    Adenosine Receptor
    HDAC
    Apoptosis
    Interleukin Related
    TNF Receptor
    Endogenous Metabolite
  3. Theophylline monohydrate

Theophylline monohydrate (Synonyms: 1,3-Dimethylxanthine monohydrate; Theo-24 monohydrate)

Cat. No.: HY-B0809A
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Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) monohydrate is a potent phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor, adenosine receptor antagonist, and histone deacetylase (HDAC) activator. Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) monohydrate inhibits PDE3 activity to relax airway smooth muscle. Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) monohydrate has anti-inflammatory activity by increase IL-10 and inhibit NF-κB into the nucleus. Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) monohydrate induces apoptosis. Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) monohydrate can be used for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) research.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Theophylline monohydrate Chemical Structure

Theophylline monohydrate Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 5967-84-0

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Description

Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) monohydrate is a potent phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor, adenosine receptor antagonist, and histone deacetylase (HDAC) activator. Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) monohydrate inhibits PDE3 activity to relax airway smooth muscle. Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) monohydrate has anti-inflammatory activity by increase IL-10 and inhibit NF-κB into the nucleus. Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) monohydrate induces apoptosis. Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) monohydrate can be used for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) research[1][2][3][4][5].

IC50 & Target

Human Endogenous Metabolite

 

In Vitro

Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) monohydrate (1-1000 µM) inhibits cAMP hydrolysis by PDE in homogenates of bronchial tissue to relax human bronchus and pulmonary arteries[1].
Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) monohydrate (10 µg/mL; 24 h; eosinophils) induces apoptosis through a reduction in the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2[2].
Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) monohydrate (0-500 µM; 2 h; A549 cells) inhibits NF-κB activation, I kappa B alpha (I-κBα) degradation and decreases the level of IL-6 in a concentration-dependent manner[3].
Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) monohydrate (0-1000 µM; 30 min; A549 cells) induces histone deacetylase activity to decrease inflammatory gene expression[4].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Western Blot Analysis[3]

Cell Line: A549 cells
Concentration: 0, 20, 100 and 500 µM
Incubation Time: 2 hours
Result: Decreased the expression of NF-κB p65 and I-κBα degradation in a concentration-dependent manner.

Western Blot Analysis[2]

Cell Line: Eosinophils
Concentration: 10 µg/mL
Incubation Time: 24 hours
Result: Decreased the expression of Bcl-2.
In Vivo

Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) (100 mg/kg; i.p.; daily, for 9 d; male Swiss mice) has anti-inflammatory activity in mice and increases IL-6 and IL-10 levels and inhibits TNF-α and NO[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Model: Male Swiss mice[1]
Dosage: 100 mg/kg
Administration: Intraperitoneal injection; daily, for 9 days
Result: Increased IL-6 and IL-10 levels and inhibited TNF-α and NO.
Molecular Weight

198.18

Formula

C7H10N4O3

CAS No.
SMILES

O=C1C2=C(N(C)C(N1C)=O)N=CN2.O

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Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage

Please store the product under the recommended conditions in the Certificate of Analysis.

Purity & Documentation
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Theophylline monohydrate
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