1. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  2. Proteasome Endogenous Metabolite
  3. Isovalerylcarnitine

Isovalerylcarnitine is a product of the catabolism of L-leucine. Isovalerylcarnitine is also a selective and reversible calpain activator that induces apoptosis.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Isovalerylcarnitine Chemical Structure

Isovalerylcarnitine Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 31023-24-2

Size Price Stock Quantity
5 mg USD 100 In-stock
10 mg USD 160 In-stock
50 mg   Get quote  
100 mg   Get quote  

* Please select Quantity before adding items.

This product is a controlled substance and not for sale in your territory.

Customer Review

Based on 1 publication(s) in Google Scholar

Other Forms of Isovalerylcarnitine:

Top Publications Citing Use of Products
  • Biological Activity

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

  • Customer Review

Description

Isovalerylcarnitine is a product of the catabolism of L-leucine. Isovalerylcarnitine is also a selective and reversible calpain activator that induces apoptosis[1][2][3].

IC50 & Target

Human Endogenous Metabolite

 

In Vitro

Isovalerylcarnitine produces an early and marked increase in phagocytosis and also in cell killing, as well as reduces proliferation, in U937 leukemic cells[2].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Molecular Weight

245.32

Formula

C12H23NO4

CAS No.
Unlabeled CAS

Appearance

Solid

Color

White to off-white

SMILES

CC(C)CC(O[C@H](CC([O-])=O)C[N+](C)(C)C)=O

Structure Classification
Initial Source
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage

4°C, sealed storage, away from moisture

*In solvent : -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (sealed storage, away from moisture)

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

H2O : 100 mg/mL (407.63 mM; Need ultrasonic)

DMSO : 50 mg/mL (203.82 mM; Need ultrasonic; Hygroscopic DMSO has a significant impact on the solubility of product, please use newly opened DMSO)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 4.0763 mL 20.3815 mL 40.7631 mL
5 mM 0.8153 mL 4.0763 mL 8.1526 mL
View the Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (sealed storage, away from moisture). When stored at -80°C, please use it within 6 months. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 month.

* Note: If you choose water as the stock solution, please dilute it to the working solution, then filter and sterilize it with a 0.22 μm filter before use.

  • Molarity Calculator

  • Dilution Calculator

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

Mass
=
Concentration
×
Volume
×
Molecular Weight *

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

Concentration (start)

C1

×
Volume (start)

V1

=
Concentration (final)

C2

×
Volume (final)

V2

In Vivo:

Select the appropriate dissolution method based on your experimental animal and administration route.

For the following dissolution methods, please ensure to first prepare a clear stock solution using an In Vitro approach and then sequentially add co-solvents:
To ensure reliable experimental results, the clarified stock solution can be appropriately stored based on storage conditions. As for the working solution for in vivo experiments, it is recommended to prepare freshly and use it on the same day.
The percentages shown for the solvents indicate their volumetric ratio in the final prepared solution. If precipitation or phase separation occurs during preparation, heat and/or sonication can be used to aid dissolution.

  • Protocol 1

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (10.19 mM); Clear solution

    This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (25.0 mg/mL) to 400 μL PEG300, and mix evenly; then add 50 μL Tween-80 and mix evenly; then add 450 μL Saline to adjust the volume to 1 mL.

    Preparation of Saline: Dissolve 0.9 g sodium chloride in ddH₂O and dilute to 100 mL to obtain a clear Saline solution.
  • Protocol 2

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in Saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (10.19 mM); Clear solution

    This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (25.0 mg/mL) to 900 μL 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline, and mix evenly.

    Preparation of 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline (4°C, storage for one week): 2 g SBE-β-CD powder is dissolved in 10 mL Saline, completely dissolve until clear.
In Vivo Dissolution Calculator
Please enter the basic information of animal experiments:

Dosage

mg/kg

Animal weight
(per animal)

g

Dosing volume
(per animal)

μL

Number of animals

Recommended: Prepare an additional quantity of animals to account for potential losses during experiments.
Calculation results:
Working solution concentration: mg/mL
This product has good water solubility, please refer to the measured solubility data in water/PBS/Saline for details.
The concentration of the stock solution you require exceeds the measured solubility. The following solution is for reference only.If necessary, please contact MedChemExpress (MCE).
Purity & Documentation

Purity: ≥99.0%

References

Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (sealed storage, away from moisture). When stored at -80°C, please use it within 6 months. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 month.

Optional Solvent Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 25 mg
DMSO / H2O 1 mM 4.0763 mL 20.3815 mL 40.7631 mL 101.9077 mL
5 mM 0.8153 mL 4.0763 mL 8.1526 mL 20.3815 mL
10 mM 0.4076 mL 2.0382 mL 4.0763 mL 10.1908 mL
15 mM 0.2718 mL 1.3588 mL 2.7175 mL 6.7938 mL
20 mM 0.2038 mL 1.0191 mL 2.0382 mL 5.0954 mL
25 mM 0.1631 mL 0.8153 mL 1.6305 mL 4.0763 mL
30 mM 0.1359 mL 0.6794 mL 1.3588 mL 3.3969 mL
40 mM 0.1019 mL 0.5095 mL 1.0191 mL 2.5477 mL
50 mM 0.0815 mL 0.4076 mL 0.8153 mL 2.0382 mL
60 mM 0.0679 mL 0.3397 mL 0.6794 mL 1.6985 mL
80 mM 0.0510 mL 0.2548 mL 0.5095 mL 1.2738 mL
100 mM 0.0408 mL 0.2038 mL 0.4076 mL 1.0191 mL

* Note: If you choose water as the stock solution, please dilute it to the working solution, then filter and sterilize it with a 0.22 μm filter before use.

  • No file chosen (Maximum size is: 1024 Kb)
  • If you have published this work, please enter the PubMed ID.
  • Your name will appear on the site.
Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

Your Recently Viewed Products:

Inquiry Online

Your information is safe with us. * Required Fields.

Product Name

 

Salutation

Applicant Name *

 

Email Address *

Phone Number *

 

Organization Name *

Department *

 

Requested quantity *

Country or Region *

     

Remarks

Bulk Inquiry

Inquiry Information

Product Name:
Isovalerylcarnitine
Cat. No.:
HY-113221
Quantity:
MCE Japan Authorized Agent: