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  2. Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog DNA/RNA Synthesis
  3. N1-Methylpseudouridine

N1-Methylpseudouridine  (Synonyms: 1-Methylpseudouridine; N1-methyl-pseudouridine)

Cat. No.: HY-112582 Purity: 99.95%
COA Handling Instructions

N1-methyl-pseudouridine (1-Methylpseudouridine), a methylpseudouridine, outperforms 5 mC and 5 mC/N1-methyl-pseudouridine in translation. N1-methyl-pseudouridine in mRNA enhances translation through eIF2α-dependent and independent mechanisms by increasing ribosome density.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

N1-Methylpseudouridine Chemical Structure

N1-Methylpseudouridine Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 13860-38-3

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Solid + Solvent (Highly Recommended)
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO
ready for reconstitution
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Solution
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 35 In-stock
Solid
5 mg USD 32 In-stock
10 mg USD 50 In-stock
25 mg USD 100 In-stock
50 mg USD 160 In-stock
100 mg USD 260 In-stock
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Customer Review

Based on 1 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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  • Biological Activity

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

  • Customer Review

Description

N1-methyl-pseudouridine (1-Methylpseudouridine), a methylpseudouridine, outperforms 5 mC and 5 mC/N1-methyl-pseudouridine in translation. N1-methyl-pseudouridine in mRNA enhances translation through eIF2α-dependent and independent mechanisms by increasing ribosome density[1].

In Vitro

Incorporation of N1-methyl-pseudouridine into mRNA modifies mRNAs produced higher amounts of luc than the standard Luc mRNA in HEK293T cells. Incorporation of N1-methyl-pseudouridine nucleoside modification in both Luc and GFP mRNA enhances the initiation step of translation, in part by suppressing eIF2α phosphorylation. In addition, polysome formation and growth on the NN1-methyl-pseudouridine-containing Luc mRNA is enhanced due to the reduction of elongation rate. In all the in vitro translation systems, incorporation of N1-methyl-pseudouridine in Luc and GFP mRNAs dramatically enhanced translation. The N1-methyl-pseudouridine-Luc mRNA is associated with heavier polysomes than Luc mRNA[1].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

N1-methylpseudouridine-incorporated mRNA outperforms pseudouridine-incorporated mRNA by providing enhanced protein expression and reduced immunogenicity in mammalian cell lines and mice[2].
N1-methyl-pseudouridine (1-Methylpseudouridine) (20 μg; I.m. or i.d. routes for 21 days) and m5C/ N1-methyl-pseudouridine-modified mRNA respectively have a higher translational capacity than Ψ and m5C/Ψ-modified mRNA in vivo[2].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Model: 7-week-old Balb/c mice[1]
Dosage: 20 μg
Administration: I.m. or i.d. routes for 21 days
Result: had a higher translational capacity.
Molecular Weight

258.23

Formula

C10H14N2O6

CAS No.
Appearance

Solid

Color

White to off-white

SMILES

OC[C@@H]1[C@@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](C(C(N2)=O)=CN(C)C2=O)O1

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 2 years
-20°C 1 year
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 100 mg/mL (387.25 mM; Need ultrasonic; Hygroscopic DMSO has a significant impact on the solubility of product, please use newly opened DMSO)

H2O : 50 mg/mL (193.63 mM; Need ultrasonic)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 3.8725 mL 19.3626 mL 38.7252 mL
5 mM 0.7745 mL 3.8725 mL 7.7450 mL
View the Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 2 years; -20°C, 1 year. When stored at -80°C, please use it within 2 years. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 year.

* Note: If you choose water as the stock solution, please dilute it to the working solution, then filter and sterilize it with a 0.22 μm filter before use.

  • Molarity Calculator

  • Dilution Calculator

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

Mass
=
Concentration
×
Volume
×
Molecular Weight *

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

Concentration (start)

C1

×
Volume (start)

V1

=
Concentration (final)

C2

×
Volume (final)

V2

In Vivo:

Select the appropriate dissolution method based on your experimental animal and administration route.

For the following dissolution methods, please ensure to first prepare a clear stock solution using an In Vitro approach and then sequentially add co-solvents:
To ensure reliable experimental results, the clarified stock solution can be appropriately stored based on storage conditions. As for the working solution for in vivo experiments, it is recommended to prepare freshly and use it on the same day.
The percentages shown for the solvents indicate their volumetric ratio in the final prepared solution. If precipitation or phase separation occurs during preparation, heat and/or sonication can be used to aid dissolution.

  • Protocol 1

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (9.68 mM); Clear solution

    This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (25.0 mg/mL) to 400 μL PEG300, and mix evenly; then add 50 μL Tween-80 and mix evenly; then add 450 μL Saline to adjust the volume to 1 mL.

    Preparation of Saline: Dissolve 0.9 g sodium chloride in ddH₂O and dilute to 100 mL to obtain a clear Saline solution.
  • Protocol 2

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in Saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (9.68 mM); Clear solution

    This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (25.0 mg/mL) to 900 μL 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline, and mix evenly.

    Preparation of 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline (4°C, storage for one week): 2 g SBE-β-CD powder is dissolved in 10 mL Saline, completely dissolve until clear.

For the following dissolution methods, please prepare the working solution directly. It is recommended to prepare fresh solutions and use them promptly within a short period of time.
The percentages shown for the solvents indicate their volumetric ratio in the final prepared solution. If precipitation or phase separation occurs during preparation, heat and/or sonication can be used to aid dissolution.

  • Protocol 1

    Add each solvent one by one:  PBS

    Solubility: 50 mg/mL (193.63 mM); Clear solution; Need ultrasonic

In Vivo Dissolution Calculator
Please enter the basic information of animal experiments:

Dosage

mg/kg

Animal weight
(per animal)

g

Dosing volume
(per animal)

μL

Number of animals

Recommended: Prepare an additional quantity of animals to account for potential losses during experiments.
Calculation results:
Working solution concentration: mg/mL
This product has good water solubility, please refer to the measured solubility data in water/PBS/Saline for details.
The concentration of the stock solution you require exceeds the measured solubility. The following solution is for reference only.If necessary, please contact MedChemExpress (MCE).
Purity & Documentation

Purity: 99.95%

References

Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 2 years; -20°C, 1 year. When stored at -80°C, please use it within 2 years. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 year.

Optional Solvent Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 25 mg
H2O / DMSO 1 mM 3.8725 mL 19.3626 mL 38.7252 mL 96.8129 mL
5 mM 0.7745 mL 3.8725 mL 7.7450 mL 19.3626 mL
10 mM 0.3873 mL 1.9363 mL 3.8725 mL 9.6813 mL
15 mM 0.2582 mL 1.2908 mL 2.5817 mL 6.4542 mL
20 mM 0.1936 mL 0.9681 mL 1.9363 mL 4.8406 mL
25 mM 0.1549 mL 0.7745 mL 1.5490 mL 3.8725 mL
30 mM 0.1291 mL 0.6454 mL 1.2908 mL 3.2271 mL
40 mM 0.0968 mL 0.4841 mL 0.9681 mL 2.4203 mL
50 mM 0.0775 mL 0.3873 mL 0.7745 mL 1.9363 mL
60 mM 0.0645 mL 0.3227 mL 0.6454 mL 1.6135 mL
80 mM 0.0484 mL 0.2420 mL 0.4841 mL 1.2102 mL
100 mM 0.0387 mL 0.1936 mL 0.3873 mL 0.9681 mL

* Note: If you choose water as the stock solution, please dilute it to the working solution, then filter and sterilize it with a 0.22 μm filter before use.

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Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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N1-Methylpseudouridine
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