1. Apoptosis Anti-infection
  2. Apoptosis Parasite
  3. Asiatic acid

Asiatic acid, a pentacyclic triterpene found in Centella asiatica (Centella asiatica), has anticancer activity. Asiatic acid induces apoptosis in melanoma cells and has barrier protective effects on human aortic endothelial cells (HAEC). Asiatic acid also has anti-inflammatory activity and inhibits tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-induced endothelial barrier dysfunction. Asiatic acid also inhibits NLRP3 inflammasome activation and NF-κB pathway, effectively inhibits inflammation in rats, and has neuroprotective effects in rat spinal cord injury (SCI) model.

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Asiatic acid Chemical Structure

Asiatic acid Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 464-92-6

Size Price Stock Quantity
Solid + Solvent (Highly Recommended)
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO
ready for reconstitution
USD 27 In-stock
Solution
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 27 In-stock
Solid
5 mg USD 25 In-stock
10 mg USD 35 In-stock
50 mg USD 70 In-stock
100 mg USD 98 In-stock
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Based on 2 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

Asiatic acid, a pentacyclic triterpene found in Centella asiatica (Centella asiatica), has anticancer activity. Asiatic acid induces apoptosis in melanoma cells and has barrier protective effects on human aortic endothelial cells (HAEC). Asiatic acid also has anti-inflammatory activity and inhibits tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-induced endothelial barrier dysfunction. Asiatic acid also inhibits NLRP3 inflammasome activation and NF-κB pathway, effectively inhibits inflammation in rats, and has neuroprotective effects in rat spinal cord injury (SCI) model[1][2][3][4][5].

In Vitro

Asiatic acid exerts barrier stabilizing effects against TNF-α by maintaining adherens junctions (AJs) and inhibiting tight junction (TJ) redistribution[2].
Asiatic acid (40 μM) stabilizes F-actin and diphosphate-MLC at the cell periphery and prevents their rearrangement stimulated by TNF-α (10 ng/mL; 1 h). However, Asiatic acid (10-30 μM; 6 h) cannot reduce F-actin aggregation[2].
Asiatic acid (40 μM; 6 h) preserves the network structure of cell-cell contact areas and abolishes TNF-α-induced structural reorganization of vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin and β-catenin[2].
However, Asiatic acid (10-40 μM; 6 h) had no inhibitory effect on endothelial cell permeability increased by cytochalasin D (5 μM; 15 min). Asiatic acid increases the diphosphorylation of myosin light chain (MLC)[2].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

Asiatic acid (5-75 mg/kg; intragastric gavage once daily) effectively inhibited pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in rats in a pathogen-induced disease model and exerted antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect[3].
Asiatic acid (30 mg/kg, 75 mg/kg; intragastric injection, once daily) has neuroprotective effects on spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats by inhibiting inflammation and oxidative stres[4].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Molecular Weight

488.70

Formula

C30H48O5

CAS No.
Unlabeled CAS

Appearance

Solid

Color

White to off-white

SMILES

C[C@@]1(CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)C[C@]2(C)[C@@]3([H])CC=C4[C@]5([H])[C@@H](C)[C@H](C)CC[C@@](C(O)=O)5CC[C@](C)4[C@@](C)3CC[C@@]12[H]

Structure Classification
Initial Source
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage

4°C, protect from light

*In solvent : -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (protect from light)

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 250 mg/mL (511.56 mM; Need ultrasonic; Hygroscopic DMSO has a significant impact on the solubility of product, please use newly opened DMSO)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.0462 mL 10.2312 mL 20.4625 mL
5 mM 0.4092 mL 2.0462 mL 4.0925 mL
View the Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (protect from light). When stored at -80°C, please use it within 6 months. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 month.

  • Molarity Calculator

  • Dilution Calculator

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

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Molecular Weight *

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

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In Vivo:

Select the appropriate dissolution method based on your experimental animal and administration route.

For the following dissolution methods, please ensure to first prepare a clear stock solution using an In Vitro approach and then sequentially add co-solvents:
To ensure reliable experimental results, the clarified stock solution can be appropriately stored based on storage conditions. As for the working solution for in vivo experiments, it is recommended to prepare freshly and use it on the same day.
The percentages shown for the solvents indicate their volumetric ratio in the final prepared solution. If precipitation or phase separation occurs during preparation, heat and/or sonication can be used to aid dissolution.

  • Protocol 1

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.25 mg/mL (4.60 mM); Clear solution

    This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 2.25 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (22.5 mg/mL) to 400 μL PEG300, and mix evenly; then add 50 μL Tween-80 and mix evenly; then add 450 μL Saline to adjust the volume to 1 mL.

    Preparation of Saline: Dissolve 0.9 g sodium chloride in ddH₂O and dilute to 100 mL to obtain a clear Saline solution.
  • Protocol 2

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in Saline)

    Solubility: 2.08 mg/mL (4.26 mM); Suspended solution; Need ultrasonic

    This protocol yields a suspended solution of 2.08 mg/mL. Suspended solution can be used for oral and intraperitoneal injection.

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (20.8 mg/mL) to 900 μL 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline, and mix evenly.

    Preparation of 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline (4°C, storage for one week): 2 g SBE-β-CD powder is dissolved in 10 mL Saline, completely dissolve until clear.
In Vivo Dissolution Calculator
Please enter the basic information of animal experiments:

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Number of animals

Recommended: Prepare an additional quantity of animals to account for potential losses during experiments.
Please enter your animal formula composition:
%
DMSO +
+
%
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Saline
Recommended: Keep the proportion of DMSO in working solution below 2% if your animal is weak.
The co-solvents required include: DMSO, . All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE). , Tween 80. All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE).
Calculation results:
Working solution concentration: mg/mL
Method for preparing stock solution: mg drug dissolved in μL  DMSO (Stock solution concentration: mg/mL).

*In solvent : -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (protect from light)

The concentration of the stock solution you require exceeds the measured solubility. The following solution is for reference only. If necessary, please contact MedChemExpress (MCE).
Method for preparing in vivo working solution for animal experiments: Take μL DMSO stock solution, add μL . μL , mix evenly, next add μL Tween 80, mix evenly, then add μL Saline.
 If the continuous dosing period exceeds half a month, please choose this protocol carefully.
Please ensure that the stock solution in the first step is dissolved to a clear state, and add co-solvents in sequence. You can use ultrasonic heating (ultrasonic cleaner, recommended frequency 20-40 kHz), vortexing, etc. to assist dissolution.
Purity & Documentation

Purity: 99.40%

References

Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (protect from light). When stored at -80°C, please use it within 6 months. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 month.

Optional Solvent Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 25 mg
DMSO 1 mM 2.0462 mL 10.2312 mL 20.4625 mL 51.1561 mL
5 mM 0.4092 mL 2.0462 mL 4.0925 mL 10.2312 mL
10 mM 0.2046 mL 1.0231 mL 2.0462 mL 5.1156 mL
15 mM 0.1364 mL 0.6821 mL 1.3642 mL 3.4104 mL
20 mM 0.1023 mL 0.5116 mL 1.0231 mL 2.5578 mL
25 mM 0.0818 mL 0.4092 mL 0.8185 mL 2.0462 mL
30 mM 0.0682 mL 0.3410 mL 0.6821 mL 1.7052 mL
40 mM 0.0512 mL 0.2558 mL 0.5116 mL 1.2789 mL
50 mM 0.0409 mL 0.2046 mL 0.4092 mL 1.0231 mL
60 mM 0.0341 mL 0.1705 mL 0.3410 mL 0.8526 mL
80 mM 0.0256 mL 0.1279 mL 0.2558 mL 0.6395 mL
100 mM 0.0205 mL 0.1023 mL 0.2046 mL 0.5116 mL
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Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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Asiatic acid
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