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  2. Bacterial
    Antibiotic
  3. Amikacin hydrate

Amikacin hydrate (Synonyms: BAY 41-6551 hydrate)

Cat. No.: HY-B0509
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Amikacin hydrate (BAY 41-6551 hydrate) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic and a semisynthetic analog of kanamycin. Amikacin hydrate is bactericidal, acting directly on the 30S and 50S bacerial ribosomal subunits to inhibit protein synthesis. Amikacin hydrate is very active against most Gram-negative bacteria including gentamicin- and tobramycin-resistant strains. Amikacin hydrate also inhibits the infections caused by susceptible Nocardia and nontuberculous mycobacteria.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Amikacin hydrate Chemical Structure

Amikacin hydrate Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 1257517-67-1

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Description

Amikacin hydrate (BAY 41-6551 hydrate) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic and a semisynthetic analog of kanamycin. Amikacin hydrate is bactericidal, acting directly on the 30S and 50S bacerial ribosomal subunits to inhibit protein synthesis. Amikacin hydrate is very active against most Gram-negative bacteria including gentamicin- and tobramycin-resistant strains. Amikacin hydrate also inhibits the infections caused by susceptible Nocardia and nontuberculous mycobacteria[1][2].

In Vitro

Amikacin offers definite advantages for treating infections caused by organisms resistant to other aminoglycosides. Amikaci is affected by relatively few arninoglycoside-modifying enzymes. Amikacin is useful in the treatment of infections caused by Nocardia asteroides, Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare, and certain species of "rapid-growing" mycobacteria (that is, M. chelonae and M. fortuitumi)[1].
Amikacin (100-1500 μM) causes a reliable dose-dependent loss of lateral line zebrafish hair cells with a LD50 value of 453 μM[3].

In Vivo

Amikacin (320 mg/kg; subcutaneous injection; daily; for 10 days; male Fischer rats) treatment increases the chance of serious hearing loss in rats in vivo[3].

Animal Model: Male Fischer 344 rats (40-50-day-old)[3]
Dosage: 320 mg/kg
Administration: Subcutaneous injection; daily; for 10 days
Result: Induced hearing loss in rats.
Clinical Trial
Formula

C₂₂H₄₃N₅O₁₃.xH₂O

CAS No.

1257517-67-1

SMILES
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Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage

Please store the product under the recommended conditions in the Certificate of Analysis.

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

H2O : 100 mg/mL (Need ultrasonic and warming)

DMSO : < 1 mg/mL (insoluble or slightly soluble)

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Keywords:

AmikacinBAY 41-6551BacterialAntibioticAntimicrobialaminoglycosidesGram-negativebacillaryinfectionskanamycinototoxicribosomalproteinsynthesisInhibitorinhibitorinhibit

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Amikacin hydrate
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