1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  3. Endogenous Metabolite

Endogenous Metabolite

Metabolite results when a drug is metabolized into a modified form which continues to produce effects. A metabolome in a given body fluid is influenced by endogenous factors such as age, sex, body composition and genetics as well as underlying pathologies.The levels of the enormous array of unique small-molecule metabolites are usually kept tightly regulated by the activity of a very large array of enzymes and transporters responsible for the production, transformation, degradation, and compartmentalization of these small molecules.The levels of the endogenous small molecules present in the brain are normally tightly regulated.

Endogenous Metabolite Related Products (1185):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-10219
    Rapamycin 99.94%
    Rapamycin (Sirolimus) is a potent and specific mTOR inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.1 nM in HEK293 cells. Rapamycin binds to FKBP12 and specifically acts as an allosteric inhibitor of mTORC1. Rapamycin is an autophagy activator, an immunosuppressant.
  • HY-19312
    3-Methyladenine 99.84%
    3-Methyladenine is a PI3K inhibitor. 3-Methyladenine is a widely used inhibitor of autophagy via its inhibitory effect on class III PI3K.
  • HY-B0215
    Acetylcysteine >98.0%
    Acetylcysteine (N-Acetylcysteine) is a mucolytic agent which reduces the thickness of the mucus. Acetylcysteine is a ROS inhibitor. Acetylcysteine is a cysteine precursor, prevents hemin-induced ferroptosis by neutralizing toxic lipids generated by arachidonate-dependent activity of 5-lipoxygenases. Acetylcysteine induces cell apoptosis. Acetylcysteine also has anti-influenza virus activities.
  • HY-N0583
    Hydrocortisone 99.90%
    Hydrocortisone is a steroid hormone or glucocorticoid secreted by the adrenal cortex.
  • HY-B2176
    ATP >98.0%
    ATP is a central component of energy storage and metabolism in vivo, provides the metabolic energy to drive metabolic pumps and serves as a coenzyme in cells.
  • HY-59125
    (R,R)-(+)-Hydrobenzoin
    (R,R)-(+)-Hydrobenzoin is a organocatalysts.
  • HY-100564A
    2',3'-cGAMP sodium 98.04%
    2',3'-cGAMP sodium (2'-3'-cyclic GMP-AMP sodium) is a endogenous cGAMP in mammalian cells. 2',3'-cGAMP sodium binds to STING with a high affinity and is a potent inducer of interferon-β (IFNβ). 2',3'-cGAMP sodium is produced in mammalian cells in response to DNA in the cytoplasm.
  • HY-B2233B
    Phosphorylcholine >98.0%
    Phosphatidylcholine is the main phospholipid component in eukaryotic biofilms. Phosphatidylcholine exists in commensal or pathogenic bacteria associated with eukaryotes in prokaryotes. Phosphorylcholine exhibits a surprising range of immunomodulatory properties.
  • HY-B0141
    Estradiol 99.99%
    Estradiol is a steroid sex hormone vital to the maintenance of fertility and secondary sexual characteristics in females. Estradiol upregulates IL-6 expression through the estrogen receptor β (ERβ) pathway.
  • HY-14649
    Retinoic acid 99.74%
    Retinoic acid is a metabolite of vitamin A that plays important roles in cell growth, differentiation, and organogenesis. Retinoic acid is a natural agonist of RAR nuclear receptors, with IC50s of 14 nM for RARα/β/γ. Retinoic acid bind to PPARβ/δ with Kd of 17 nM.
  • HY-B0075
    Melatonin 99.47%
    Melatonin is a hormone made by the pineal gland that can activates melatonin receptor. Melatonin plays a role in sleep and possesses important antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties. Melatonin is a novel selective ATF-6 inhibitor and induces human hepatoma cell apoptosis through COX-2 downregulation.
  • HY-101952
    Prostaglandin E2 98.36%
    Prostaglandin E2 is a hormone-like substance that participate in a wide range of body functions such as the contraction and relaxation of smooth muscle, the dilation and constriction of blood vessels, control of blood pressure, and modulation of inflammation.
  • HY-B0468
    Isoprenaline hydrochloride >99.0%
    Isoprenaline hydrochloride is a non-selective beta-adrenergic receptor agonist with potent peripheral vasodilator, bronchodilator, and cardiac stimulating activities.
  • HY-10002
    Calcitriol 99.81%
    Calcitriol is the most active metabolite of vitamin D and also a vitamin D receptor (VDR) agonist.
  • HY-B0150
    Nicotinamide 99.86%
    Nicotinamide is a form of vitamin B3 that plays essential roles in cell physiology through facilitating NAD+ redox homeostasis and providing NAD+ as a substrate to a class of enzymes that catalyze non-redox reactions. Nicotinamide is an inhibitor of SIRT1.
  • HY-66005
    Acetaminophen 99.96%
    Acetaminophen (paracetamol) is a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor with an IC50 of 25.8 μM; is a widely used antipyretic and analgesic drug. Acetaminophen is a potent hepatic N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) inhibitor.
  • HY-17024
    Cyclopamine 99.97%
    Cyclopamine is a Hedgehog (Hh) pathway antagonist with an IC50 of 46 nM in the Hh cell assay.
  • HY-A0070A
    Liothyronine 99.28%
    Liothyronine is an active form of thyroid hormone, which binds to β1 thyroid hormone receptor (TRβ1), and activates its activity.
  • HY-B0471
    (R)-(-)-Phenylephrine hydrochloride 99.95%
    (R)-(-)-Phenylephrine hydrochloride is a selective α1-adrenoceptor agonist with pKis of 5.86, 4.87 and 4.70 for α1D, α1B and α1A receptors respectively.
  • HY-B1618
    Corticosterone 99.70%
    Corticosterone is an adrenocortical steroid that has modest but significant activities as a mineralocorticoid and a glucocorticoid.
Isoform Specific Products

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